Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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VAUBLANC, Vincent Marie Vienot (vo-blong), Count de, West Indian statesman, born in Fort Dauphin, Hayti, 2 March, 1756 ; died in Paris, France, 21 August, 1845. He received his education at the military school of La Fleche in France in 1770-'4, and entered the army as lieutenant in the "La Sarre" regiment. From 1776 till 1782 he served in Santo Domingo, but he resigned in the latter year, was returned to the legislative assembly in 1791, elected its president on 14 November, and in 1792 defended at the bar of the assembly Count de Rochambeau, and secured his acquittal by recalling the services that he had performed in the United States. He strongly favored the motion for the enfranchisement of the slaves in the French colonies in America, and defending at the tribune the conclusions of the commission, secured on 9 April, 1792, the passage of the law to that effect. In 1796, as a member of the council of five hundred, he assailed the colonial administration, and secured the recall of Felicite Sonthonax from Santo Domingo. Being outlawed after the coup detat of 4 September, 1797, he went to Italy, and, after his return to France in 1799, became a member of the corps legislatif in 1800, and its president in 1804. In 1805 he was appointed prefect of the department of Moselle, and in 1813 he was made a count of the empire. Under Louis XVIII. he was councillor of state, and secretary of the interior in the Richelieu cabinet from 24 September, 1815, till 8 May, 1816. In 1820 he was returned as a deputy by the department of Calvados, and from 1820 till 1830 he was delegate of the colony of Guadeloupe to the king. He urged the establishment of a maritime entrepot in the Antilles, and also advocated several changes in the judiciary and administration of the colonies. After the accession of Louis Philippe to the throne of France in 1830, he retired to private life. His works include " Du commerce maritime considered sous le rapport des colonies " (1828) . "M&noires et souvenirs" (2 vols., 1839); and " De la navigation des colonies " (1843).
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