Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HILL, Walter Henry, clergyman, born near Lebanon, Marion County, Kentucky, 21 January, 1822. He was graduated at St. Mary's college, Kentucky, in 1843. After studying medicine in the St. Louis university he entered the Jesuit order in 1847, and in 1848 became professor of mathematics, physics, and rhetoric in St. Joseph's college, Bardstown. Ky., where he remained seven years. He taught in the St. Louis university in 1855. but afterward completed his higher studies at Boston, was ordained priest, and removed to the Jesuit novitiate in Frederick, Maryland In 1864 he returned to St. Louis, and became professor of logic and metaphysics in the university. In 1865 he was made president of St. Xavier's college, Cincinnati, which office he held till 1869. Although opposed by the state legislature, he obtained a new charter during his service, and rebuilt the college, making it one of the most prosperous Roman Catholic institutions in this country. He went to Topeka, Kansas, in 1869, and he obtained a charter under a law of the state to incorporate St. Mary's college in St. Mary's mission. From 1871 till 1884 he again taught in St. Louis university, and is now (1887) attached to the Church of the Sacred Heart, Chicago. He is the author of "Elements of Philosophy, comprising Logic and General and Special Metaphysics" (Baltimore. 1873" 8th ed., 1887). This was violently attacked by Dr. Orestes A. Brownson, and gave rise to numerous controversies. It is now largely used as a text book in Roman Catholic institutions. His other publications are "Ethics, or Moral Philosophy" (Baltimore, 1878; 4th ed., 1885)" "Historical Sketch of St. Louis University" (St. Louis, 1879)" and various articles in the "American Catholic Quarterly," including one on "Mental Insanity" (1880), which attracted much attention.
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