Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CHIPMAN, Ward, loyalist, born in Massachusetts in 1754; died in Frederiekton, New Brunswick, in 1824. He was the son of a member of the Massachusetts bar, and during the revolutionary war was deputy muster-master general at New York. At the close of the war he removed to New Brunswick, and for his loyalty to the British government was rewarded with offices of trust and profit and a pension of £96 per annum. In 1796 he was appointed agent before the commission to determine the St. Croix treaty of 1783. In 1816, under the treaty of Ghent, he was agent for the crown to locate the northwest angle of Nova Scotia. He subsequently became administrator of the government of New Brunswick, and was acting in this capacity when he died.--His son, Ward, chief justice of New Brunswick, born in St. John, N. B., 10 July, 1787; died in that City, 26 December, 1851, was educated at St. John, and at Harvard, where he was graduated in 1805, receiving therefrom the degree of LL.D. in 1836. On his father's death, in 1824, he succeeded to his seat on the bench and in the council, and also to the more lucrative place of agent for the crown in determining the northwest angle of Nova Scotia. In 1825 he was appointed by the British government umpire to apportion the customs duties between Upper and Lower Canada, and again in 1833 was assigned a similar service. In 1829 he visited the Hague in connection with his work of determining the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, and ceased thereafter to act in this capacity, the boundary difficulty having been amicably settled. He held successively the offices of advocate-general and clerk of the circuits; recorder of St. John and solicitor-general; became puisne judge of the Supreme Court on 18 March, 1825, and was appointed chief justice on 29 September, 1834. He was also president of the legislative council and speaker of the assembly, and was noted for his liberal donations to advance the interests of religion and education.
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