Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ALLSTON, Washington, painter, born in Waccamaw, South Carolina, 5 November 1779 ; died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 9 July 1843. In early boyhood he removed to Newport, Rhode Island, and there attended school. He then studied at Harvard College, and was graduated in 1800. In the following year he went abroad and became a student at the Royal academy, and three years later he removed to Rome and there studied the works of the old masters, meanwhile gaining for himself a high reputation as a coloriStreet He returned to the United States m 1809 and married a sister of Dr. William Ellery Channing. His second wife was a sister of It. H. Dana. From 1811 to 1818 he resided in England, and during these years produced some of his best pictures. Of these, "The Dead Nan Revived" gained a prize of 200 guineas from the British institute. His "Uriel in the Sun," "Jacob's Feast," and other smaller pictures, now owned in England, were produced at this time. In 1818 he opened a studio in Boston. His best-known works in the United States are " Jeremiah," "The Witch of Endor," " Miriam," "Rosalie," " Madonna," "Spanish Girl," "Spalatro's Vision of the Bloody Hand," and "Belshazzar's Feast," an unfinished composition now in the Boston athenaeum. Among the portraits painted by him are those of Benjamin West, Coleridge the poet, and one of himself. His works show a high imaginative power, and his ability as a colorist earned for him the name of the "American Titian." He was also a man of fine literary tastes, and in 1809 he delivered a poem before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Cambridge. "The Sylphs of the Seasons," which was published in London in 1813, and later "The Paint King" and "The Two Painters," appeared. In 1841 he published " Monaldi," a romance illustrating Italian life, and in 1850 a volume of his " Lectures on Art, and Poems." See Ware's "Lectures on the Works and Genius of Washington Allston " (Boston, 1852), and " Artist Biographies, Allston" (1879).
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