Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, William Bowen, governor of Tennessee, born in Sumner county, Tennessee, 1 February, 1807 ; died in Lebanon, Tennessee, 19 August, 1867. He studied law in Abingdon and Winchester, Virginia, was admitted to the bar in Tennessee, and practiced in Carthage. He was chosen district attorney for the fourth district of his state in 1831, and became a member of the legislature in 1835. He raised a cavalry company, and served as its captain in the Creek and Florida wars of 1836, and from 1837 till 1843 was a Whig member of congress from Tennessee. He was elected major general of militia in 1844, and served in the Mexican war as colonel of the 1st Tennessee volunteers, distinguishing himself in the battles of Monterey and Cerro Gordo, where he commanded a brigade after General Pillow was wounded. He was governor of Tennessee in 1851-'3, and in 1857 was chosen, by unanimous vote of the legislature, judge of the state circuit court. He canvassed the state in opposition to secession in 1861, and on 30 June, 1862, without solicitation, was appointed by President Lincoln brigadier-general in the National army. He resigned, 26 January, 1863, on account of failing health. At the close of the war he was again chosen to congress, but was not allowed to take his seat until near the end of the first session in 1866. He served until 3 March, 1867, and was a member of the committee on the New Orleans riots.
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