Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CAMPBELL, William, soldier, born in Augusta county, Virginia, in 1745" died at Rocky Mills, Hanover County, Virginia, 22 August, 1781. After his father's death in 1767 he removed with his mother and four sisters to the Holston valley. In 1773 he was appointed a justice of the peace, and in 1774 a captain of militia. He served in Col. Christian's regiment in the campaign against the Shawnees, which terminated in Lord Dunmore's treaty of peace at Camp Charlotte. In September, 1775, he lad a fine company to Williamsburg, joining Patrick Henry's regiment. Under General Lewis he assisted in dislodging (/,or. Dunmore from Gwyn's island in July, 1776, and at the close of the year resigned, so that he might better protect his frontier home from the encroachments of the Cherokees. In 1777 he was continued a justice of the peace in the newly formed county of Washington, and made lieutenant colonel of the militia. He was one of the commissioners in 1778 to run the boundary-line between Virginia and the Cherokee country. In 1779 he aided in driving the Tories from his region, having a severe personal reencounter with one of their leaders, Francis Hopkins, in the bed of the Holston" the miscreant was overcome, and hanged with his own halter on the nearest sycamore. Campbell was promoted in 1780 to the full colonelcy of the regiment, and chosen a member of the legislature. After scouring the neighboring country in North Carolina, routing and dispersing the Tories, he led his regiment of riflemen in the King's Mountain campaign, and distinguished himself by his valor and good conduct, if the evidence of his own officers and soldiers is to be credited. Washington, Gates, and Greene, together with the Virginia legislature and the continental congress, expressed their high sense of his merits and services. After serving on the frontiers, he responded to General Greene's appeal, and joined him with a corps of riflemen, sharing in the battle of Guilford Court-House, in March, 1781, where he thought he was not properly supported by Lee's cavalry, and soon afterward retired from the service. After a term in the legislature he was made a brigadier-general in the militia, and served under Lafayette in the battle of Jamestown, and shortly afterward sickened and died. Lafayette asserted that his services at King's Mountain and Guilford would "do his memory everlasting honor, and insure him a high rank among the defenders of liberty in the American cause"; and Jefferson feelingly declared that "General Campbell's friends might quietly rest their heads on the pillow of his renown." His wife was a sister of Patrick Henry. --His nephew, John B., soldier, born in Kentucky; died 28 August, 1814, was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 19th infantry. 12 March, 1812, and commanded a detachment against the Mississinewa Indians in December, 1812, for which service he was brevetted colonel. He was made colonel of the 11th infantry on 9 April, 1814, and distinguished himself in the battle of Chippewa, 5 July, 1814, where he commanded the right wing of the army under Scott, and received fatal wounds.
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