Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CARMICHAEL, William, diplomatist, born in Maryland; died in February, 1795. He was a man of fortune who resided in London at the beginning of the revolution. He was on his way to America in July, 1776, with dispatches from Arthur Lee, but was detained in Paris by sickness, and assisted Mr. Deane in his correspondence and transaction of business for more than a year. He communicated to the king of Prussia, at Berlin, intelligence concerning American commerce, and assisted the commissioners at Paris. After his return to America in 1778 he was a delegate to congress from Maryland in 1778-'80. He was secretary of legation during Mr. Jay's mission to Spain, and when the latter left Spain, in June, 1782, he remained as charge d'affaires. In March, 1792, William Short was joined with him in a commission to negotiate a treaty with Spain in relation to the navigation of the Mississippi river; but, they were unable to make a satisfactory arrangement. Carmichael returned to the United States in May, 1794. His letters were published in Sparks's "Diplomatic Correspondence."
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