Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DARLING, William, physician, born in Berwick-shire, Scotland, in 1815. His early education was obtained at a private seminary, after which he went to the University of Edinburgh, where he obtained a prize by competitive examination for his proficiency in the classics. He studied medicine in the College of physicians and surgeons in New York for six years, and, in 1840, was appointed physician to Bellevue hospital, and also took charge of some of the hospitals on Ward's island. His degree of M. D. was received in 1842 from the University of the City of New York, which also in a few weeks appointed him its prosecutor of surgery. In 1845 he was called to the professorship of demonstrator of anatomy, where he remained until 1853, when he became connected with the quarantine hospital, Staten Island. In 1855 he served as senior assistant surgeon in the emigrants' hospital, Ward's island. In 1856 he went to London, England, and, on 21 November in that year, was admitted a member of the Royal College of surgeons of England. He remained in Europe ten years, most of the time in London, attending the lectures and cliniques at the hospitals, as well as lectures at the College of surgeons, the Royal institution, Gresham College, School of arts, School of mines, etc. During the same period he also attended various lectures in Paris, Edinburgh, and Glasgow. On 14 June 1866, shortly before his departure for the United States, he received the fellowship of the Royal College of surgeons. On his return to the United States he was appointed professor of anatomy in the University of New York, and in 1868 censor of the New York College of veterinary surgeons. In 1873 he was appointed professor of anatomy in the University of Vermont. He is a member of many medical societies, at home and abroad, and on 8 November 1877, was elected correspondent of the Societe d'anthropologie of Paris.
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