Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GALLAGHER, William Davis, journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 21 August, 1808. His father, who was implicated in the Irish rebellion of 1798, emigrated to this country, and died soon afterward. His widow removed to Cincinnati, where young Gallagher was apprenticed in a printing office in 1821. Four years later he began to write occasionally for the press, and edited the "Backwoodsman," at Xenia, Ohio, in 1830" the "Cincinnati Mirror," in 1831, to which he contributed a number of prose tales and poems that attracted much attention" the Cincinnati "Western Literary Journal and Monthly Review," in 1836; " The Hesperian" A Monthly Miscellany of General Literature," while also engaged in the management of the Columbus "Ohio State Journal," in 1838; and in 1839 became associate editor of the Cincinnati " Gazette," maintaining that connection until 1850, in which year he accompanied Honorable Thomas Corwin to Washington in a confidential capacity, the latter having just been appointed secretary of the treasury, in 1853 Mr. Gallagher removed to Louisville, and in 1854 joined the editorial staff of the " Daily Courier," but withdrew within a few years, and retired to a farm near that City, where he wrote much on agriculture. During the civil war he was again employed in the United States treasury department. Since that date he has been a resident of Louisville and its neighborhood. Mr. Gallagher first became known as a writer in 1828 by the publication of MississippiA Journey through Kentucky and in the " Cincinnati Chronicle." His first poetical contribution that attracted general attention was "The Wreck of the Hornet." This was reprinted in a collection of his poems entitled "Errato" (3 vols., Cincinnati, 1835-'7). He edited "Selections from the Poetical Literature of the West" (Cincinnati, 1841). In 1849 he delivered the annual address before the Ohio historical and philosophical society, of which he was president, on " The Progress and Resources of the Northwest." One of the most elaborate of his agricultural essays is his " Fruit Culture in the Ohio Valley." His latest volume is "Miami Woods" A Golden Wedding and Other Poems" (Cincinnati, 1881). His next and concluding volume will comprise "Ballads of the Border," "Civile Bellum," being poems of the civil war, and "New Fables of the Old Fairies."
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