Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BELKNAP, William Goldsmith, soldier, born in Newburgh, New York, 7 September 1794; died near Fort Washita, Tex., 10 November 1851. He was a, lieutenant in the war of 1812; was wounded in the sortie from Fort Erie on 17 September 1814; became captain, 1 February 1822; brevet major, 1 February 1882; major, 31 January 1842; and was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel, 15 March 1842, for his services in the Florida war. In 1828 Captain Belknap established Fort Leavenworth in Kansas. For gallantry in General Taylor's Rio Grande campaign he received the brevet of colonel. He acted as inspector-general at the capture of Monterey, became Lieutenant-Colonel 26 September 1847, and was brevetted Brigadier-General for services at Buena Vista, 23 February 1847. He was commandant at Fort Gibson from December 1848, till Nay, 1851.*His son, William Worth, lawyer, born in Newburgh, New York, 22 September 1829o He was graduated at Princeton in 1848, studied law and practiced at Keokuk, Iowa, where he settled in 1851, and was elected to the legislature as a democrat in 1857. At the beginning of the civil war he joined the army as major of the 15th Iowa volunteers. He was engaged at Shiloh, Corinth, and Vicksburg, became prominent in Sherman's Atlanta campaign, receiving promotion as Brigadier-General on 30 July 1864, and was brevetted Major-General on 13 March 1865. After the war he was collector of internal revenue in Iowa from 1865 till 13 October 1869, when he was appointed secretary of war. This office he retained during General Grant's second administration until 7 March 1876, when, in consequence of charges of official corruption, he resigned. He was impeached and tried before the senate for receiving bribes for the appointment of post-traders, and was acquitted on the technical ground of want of jurisdiction.
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