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HART, William, artist, born in Paisley, Scotland, 31 March, 1823. His parents removed to Albany, New York, when he was a child, and in 1831 he was apprenticed to a coach maker, for whom he painted panel and other carriage decorations. His tastes soon led him to adopt the career of an artist, and in 1848 he exhibited some of his first work at the National academy of design, which met with favorable comment. He visited Scotland in 1850, spent three years in study, and on his return opened a studio in New York city. In 1855 he was elected an associate of the National academy, and in 1858 an academician. At the organization of the Brooklyn academy of design in 1865, he became its president, and continued in that office several years. He was one of the original members of the American society of watercolorists, and its president from 1870 till 1873. He has exhibited at the National academy "The September Snow" and "Autumn in the Woods of Maine" (1867); "Scene on the Peabody River," in watercolors (1868); " Twilight on the Brook" (1869); "Goshen, New Hampshire," in water colors, "Twilight," and " A Brook Study" (1870); "Easter Sky at Sunset," in water colors (1871); "The Golden Hour" (1872); "Morning in the Clouds" (1874); "Keene Valley" (1875); "Cattle Scenes" (1876); "Landscape with Jersey Cattle" (1877); "The Ford" (1878); "Scene on Napanock Creek" (1884); "A Modern Cinderella" (1885); and "After a Shower" (1886).--His brother, James McDougal, artist, born in Kilmarnock, Scotland, in December, 1828, also served an apprenticeship to a coach maker in Albany as a decorator of carriage panels. In 1851 he went to Dusseldorf and studied with Schirmer. He opened a studio in Albany, and worked for four years, but in 1857 removed to New York, where he was elected an associate of the National academy, and in 1859 an academician. Mr. Hart is noted for his treatment of cattle in landscape and his rendition of pastoral scenes. Among his works are "Cattle Going Home" and "Moonrise in the Adirondacks" (1871); "In the Orchard" and "A Breezy Day on the Road" (1874); "Landscape, Road and Cattle" (1875): " A Misty Morning," exhibited at the Centennial (1876);" In the Pasture" (1877);" Summer Memory of Berkshire," and "Indian Summer," both exhibited at the Paris salon (1878); "Princess Lily" (1882); "Boughs for Christmas" (1884); "At the Watering-Trough" (1885); "Three Little Maids" and "On the North Shore" (1886).
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