Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HENRY, William, soldier, born in Charlotte county, Virginia, in 1761; died in Christian county, Kentucky, 23 November, 1824. He entered the army when a lad, and fought at Guilford, the Cowpens, and Yorktown. After the Revolution he removed to Kentucky, and took part there in many conflicts with the Indians. He was appointed major-general of Kentucky volunteers, 31 August, 1813, commanded a division of three brigades in the battle of the Thames, on 5 October, and also served in Scott's and Wilkinson's campaigns. General Henry was a member of the Constitutional convention of his state, and of both branches of the legislature.--His son, Robert Pryor, born in Henry's Mills, Scott County, Kentucky, 24 November, 1788; died in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, 25 August, 1826, was graduated at Transylvania college, studied law with Henry Clay, and was admitted to the bar in 1809, serving in that year as prosecuting attorney for his district. He was aide to his father in the war of 1812, and afterward settled in Christian county, Kentucky, where he became prosecuting attorney for that circuit. He was then elected to congress as a Clay Democrat, and served from 1 December, 1823, till his death. As a member of the committee on roads and canals he obtained the first appropriation that was ever granted for improving the Mississippi.--Another son, John Flournoy, physician, born in Henry's Mills, Kentucky, 17 January, 1793; died in Burlington, Iowa, 12 November, 1873, was educated at Georgetown academy, Kentucky, attended lectures at Jefferson medical college, Philadelphia, and was graduated at the College of physicians and surgeons, New York, in 1817. He had previously served at Fort Meigs in 1813, as surgeon's mate of Kentucky troops. In 1825, while a resident of Hopkinsville, Kentucky, he organized the first temperance society there. He was elected to congress for the unexpired term of his brother Robert, served in 1826-'7, and in 1831 became professor in the Medical college of Ohio, Cincinnati. During the cholera epidemic of 1832 he was active in relieving the suffering in that city. He removed to Bloomington, Illinois, in 1834, and in 1845 to Burlington, Iowa, where he practised his profession. Dr. Henry contributed articles to medical journals, and published a treatise on the "Causes and Treatment of Cholera" (1833). --Another son, Gustavus Adolphus, orator, born in Cherry Spring, Scott County, Kentucky, 8 October, 1804; died in Clarksville, Tennessee, 10 September, 1880, was graduated at Transylvania university in 1825, and became a lawyer. He was a member of the Kentucky legislature in 1831-'3, and shortly afterward removed to Tennessee, where he was one of the leaders of the Whig minority. He achieved great reputation as a public speaker, and was known throughout the south as the "eagle orator of Tennessee." He was in the Tennessee legislature in 1851, was four times on the Whig electoral ticket, and in 1860 was a delegate to the convention at Baltimore that nominated Bell and Everett, afterward speaking in their behalf in the northern states. He was a member of the Confederate senate from 1861 till the close of the civil war, and after the fall of Vicksburg, at the request of Jefferson Davis, made public speeches to encourage the people. He was twice a candidate for governor of Tennessee, but was each time defeated by Andrew Johnson.
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