Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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NEWMAN, William Henry, surgeon, born in Spencer county, Kentucky, 23 February, 1820; died in Pueblo, Colonel, 17 March, 1883. He was graduated at Jefferson medical college in 1855, and practised in Bards-town, Kentucky, till 1863, when he removed to Louisville. Entering the National army in 1862, he served as surgeon of the 3d and 10th divisions of the Army of the Cumberland, and was in charge of hospitals in his native town until the end of 1863. He also held the rank of major and served on the staff of General James Jackson. In 1864 he was elected professor of obstetrics in the University of Louisville, but immediately resigned. In the autumn of 1865 he delivered a Series of nine lectures on the surgical diseases of women, which, it is believed, were the first that were ever given on that subject. In performing ovariotomy in 1870 it is claimed that he first demonstrated the efficacy of carbolic acid as a local anaesthetic. For three sessions, 1869-'70, he gave clinical lectures on the diseases of women at Louisville city hospital. In 1872 he went to Denver, Colorado, on account of his health. He practised there and in Leadville for ten years, when he removed to Pueblo. He was an officer of several professional societies, contributed to medical periodical literature, and invented an obstetrical forceps.
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