Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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RINEHART, William Henry, sculptor, born near Union Bridge, Carroll County, Maryland, 13 September, 1825; died in Rome, Italy, 28 October, 1874. His youth was passed at the homestead, and he attended school until he was nearly eighteen years of age, when he began to work on his father's farm, but became the assistant of a stone-cutter in the neighborhood. By strict attention to duty he soon excelled his employer, and in 1844 secured an apprenticeship in a Baltimore marble-yard, where he also took up drawing and other studies in his leisure hours. His energy and talent attracted the attention of his employers, who not only advanced him, but built a studio for him on their own premises. Many of the works that he produced during this time still exist in Baltimore. But after several years he decided to devote himself wholly to the art to which he had become attached, and in 1855 went to Italy to continue his studies. While there he executed two bas-reliefs in marble, "Night" and "Morning." On his return, two years later, he opened a studio in Baltimore, where he executed, besides numerous busts, a fountain-figure for the post-office at Washington, and two figures, " Indian" and "Backwoodsman," to support the clock in the house of representatives. In 1858 he settled in Rome. During the succeeding eight years there came from his studies "Hero and Leander" ; "'Indian Girl" ; " St. Cecilia" ; "Sleeping Babes" ; "Woman of Samaria" ; "Christ" and the "Angel of Resurrection" (both now in Loudoun cemetery); and the bronze statue, "Love, reconciled with Death," in Greenmount cemetery, Baltimore. He completed also the bronze doors of the capitol, which Thomas Crawford left unfinished at his death. He made visits to this country in 1866 and in 1872, bringing with him in the latter year his statue of Chief-Justice Roger B. Taney, which in the same year was unveiled in Annapolis, Maryland In 1873 he set sail once more for Italy with a large number of orders. A desire to fill these all in time induced him to remain in Rome longer than usual during the summer, and he fell a victim to malaria. Besides those already mentioned, Rinehart's principal works include "Antigone" ; " Nymph "; "Clytie," which he has called his masterpiece, and which is owned by the Peabody institute ; "Atalanta" ; " Latona and her Children" ; " Diana and Apollo" ; "Endymion" (1874) ; and "Rebecca," in the Corcoran gallery at Washington.
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