Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum
   You are in: Museum of History >> Hall of North and South Americans >> William Hooper





American’s Four United Republics: Discovery-Based Curriculum

For more information go to Historic.us

 

Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





Virtual American Biographies

Over 30,000 personalities with thousands of 19th Century illustrations, signatures, and exceptional life stories. Virtualology.com welcomes editing and additions to the biographies. To become this site's editor or a contributor Click Here or e-mail Virtualology here.



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 





Click on an image to view full-sized

William Hooper

H00PER, William, clergyman, born near Kelso, Scotland, in 1702; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 14 April, 1767. He was graduated at Edinburgh university, and came to New England a short time before he was appointed pastor of the West Congregational church in Boston, Massachusetts, which charge he held from 18 May, 1737, till 19 November, 1746. He then became an Episcopalian, and went to England to receive orders. On his return in 1747 he was appointed rector of Trinity church, Boston, which post he occupied till his death. He published several sermons, including one with the title "The Apostles neither impostors nor Enthusiasts" (1742).--His son, William, signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 17 June, 1742; died in Hillsborough, North Carolina, in October, 1790, was graduated at Harvard in 1760. He studied law under James Otis, and in 1767 settled in Wilmington, North Carolina He soon attained a high legal reputation, held many important public offices, and was noted for his social qualities and hospitality. In 1770 he took an active part in behalf of the government against the insurgents that were known as "regulators," a body composed of the lowest class, who finally attempted to seize the government. By William Hooper's advice the militia of the province were called out, and after a severe battle succeeded in quelling the rioters, who numbered about 3,000. Hooper represented Wilmington in the general assembly of 1773, in which he signalized himself by his opposition to the arbitrary measures of the crown, and published a series of successful essays under the signature of "Hampden," opposing one of the government's bills. He was elected to the Continental congress of 1774, and placed on two important committees, that to draw up a statement of colonial rights, and that to examine and report the statutes affecting trade and manufactures. He was again elected to congress in 1775, was appointed chairman of a committee to report an address to the inhabitants of Jamaica, and served on various important committees. In January, 1776, he was associated with Franklin and Livingston on the committee that recommended the erection of a monument to General Montgomery. During the spring of 1776 he was speaker of the conventions of Hillsborough and Halifax, North Carolina, and wrote an eloquent address to the British people. After signing the Declaration of Independence on 4 July, 1776, and serving on the committees for regulating the post office, the treasury, secret correspondence, appeals from the admiralty courts, and the laws relating to captures, he was again elected to congress, but resigned his seat on account of the embarrassed condition of his private affairs. He resided at his country seat at Masonboro sound, about eight miles from Wilmington, until he was compelled to seek safety in flight, owing to the occupation of that place by the British. After the evacuation in November, 1781, he returned, but shortly afterward removed to Hillsboro. In 1786 he was appointed by congress one of the judges of a special commission, to settle a boundary dispute between New York and Massachusetts. He also filled public offices in the state until he retired from active life in 1787.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 StanKlos.comTM
Lyman Hall - Signer of the Declartion of Independence Biography by Appleton's edited by Stanley L. Klos

William Hooper
Signer of the Declaration of Independence

 

WILLIAM HOOPER was born on June 28, 1742 in Boston. His father, a Scotch Congregationalist minister, wanted him to be a man of the cloth. However, Hooper chose law. He graduated from Harvard College in 1760, then worked in the law offices of James Otis, an aggressive opponent of British rule and taxation.

 

Hooper moved to Wilmington, North Carolina after he passed his bar examination. He married Anne Clark, her family a member of the gentry of the Cape Fear district, and became a successful lawyer. They eventually had three children, two sons and a daughter. He was so popular that in 1770 he was appointed deputy attorney general for the Colony of North Carolina. In 1773 he was elected to the colonial legislature, followed in 1774 by his election to the Continental congress.

 

Hooper was of medium height, but his appearance was delicate and he was slender. He was intelligent, polite and engaging, although towards those that he didn't know well, he was somewhat reserved. He was distinguished for his powers of conversation and as a lawyer he was distinguished for his professional knowledge, and unflagging enthusiasm in respect to business. Towards his fellow lawyers he maintained a high and honorable course of conduct and particularly towards the younger members of the bar. As a politician, he was characterized for judgment, ardor, and constancy. In times of the greatest political difficulty and danger, he was calm, but resolute. He never desponded but trusted the justice of his country's cause, he had an unshaken confidence that heaven would protect and deliver her.
 

By the time he arrived at the Second Continental congress, Hooper was dead set against British rule. He continued to condemn Britain's hold over the colonies. Interestingly, his father supported the King and was unhappy with his son's political belief in total freedom for Americans. Hooper did not advocate violence, but he could see that compromise with Britain was not possible.

 

In January 1776, Hooper was appointed, with Franklin and Livingston, to a committee to develop a method of honoring the memory of General Montgomery, who had recently fallen at Quebec. This committee recommended the erection of a monument, which, while it expressed the respect and affection of the colonies, would record the patriotic zeal and fidelity, enterprise and perseverance of General Montgomery. In observance with the recommendation of the committee, a monument was erected by congress in the city of New York.

 

In the spring of 1776, Hooper's private business so greatly needed his attention in North Carolina, that he did not attend congress. He returned in time to cast his vote for and sign the Declaration of Independence. On December 20, 1776, he was elected a delegate to congress for the third time. However, the situation at home in North Carolina made it impossible for him to spend more time away in Philadelphia. Accordingly, in February 1777, he resigned his seat in congress.

 

Hooper continued his law practice and remained for a while on the North Carolina state legislature. During the Revolutionary War, the British tried, but were unable to capture Hooper or harm his family. They did in vindictiveness, however, torch his estate and leave his property completely devastated when they captured Wilmington. Hooper moved to Hillsboro where he remained to some extent in public life as a state legislator, but never regained his early prominence. Like many other patriots, he did not allow himself to wallow in his misery. While to others his prospects appeared doubtful, he would always point to some brighter spots on the canvass, and he focused on these.

 

In 1787 Hooper's health became considerably impaired. He gradually relaxed from public and professional efforts, and a short time later he retired, which was something he had always wanted to do. Hooper died in Hillsboro, North Carolina on October 14, 1790 at the age of forty-eight.





Source: Centennial Book of Signers

 

Declaration of Independence
A Brief History and early record of the printings

Click Here


William Stone Copper Plate and 1976 Printing Photo
Courtesy of the National Archives
Click to Enlarge

Authenticate your Declaration of Independence - Click Here

The 56 signatures on the Declaration appear in the positions indicated:

 

 
About Stanley L. Klos

Click Here to return to Rebels with of Vision


Start your search on William Hooper.


 

 


 


Unauthorized Site: This site and its contents are not affiliated, connected, associated with or authorized by the individual, family, friends, or trademarked entities utilizing any part or the subject's entire name. Any official or affiliated sites that are related to this subject will be hyper linked below upon submission and Evisum, Inc. review.

Copyright© 2000 by Evisum Inc.TM. All rights reserved.
Evisum Inc.TM Privacy Policy

Search:

About Us

 

 

Image Use

Please join us in our mission to incorporate America's Four United Republics discovery-based curriculum into the classroom of every primary and secondary school in the United States of America by July 2, 2026, the nation’s 250th birthday. , the United States of America: We The People Click Here

 

Childhood & Family

Click Here

 

Historic Documents

Articles of Association

Articles of Confederation 1775

Articles of Confederation

Article the First

Coin Act

Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence

Emancipation Proclamation

Gettysburg Address

Monroe Doctrine

Northwest Ordinance

No Taxation Without Representation

Thanksgiving Proclamations

Mayflower Compact

Treaty of Paris 1763

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Versailles

United Nations Charter

United States In Congress Assembled

US Bill of Rights

United States Constitution

US Continental Congress

US Constitution of 1777

US Constitution of 1787

Virginia Declaration of Rights

 

Historic Events

Battle of New Orleans

Battle of Yorktown

Cabinet Room

Civil Rights Movement

Federalist Papers

Fort Duquesne

Fort Necessity

Fort Pitt

French and Indian War

Jumonville Glen

Manhattan Project

Stamp Act Congress

Underground Railroad

US Hospitality

US Presidency

Vietnam War

War of 1812

West Virginia Statehood

Woman Suffrage

World War I

World War II

 

Is it Real?



Declaration of
Independence

Digital Authentication
Click Here

 

America’s Four Republics
The More or Less United States

 
Continental Congress
U.C. Presidents

Peyton Randolph

Henry Middleton

Peyton Randolph

John Hancock

  

Continental Congress
U.S. Presidents

John Hancock

Henry Laurens

John Jay

Samuel Huntington

  

Constitution of 1777
U.S. Presidents

Samuel Huntington

Samuel Johnston
Elected but declined the office

Thomas McKean

John Hanson

Elias Boudinot

Thomas Mifflin

Richard Henry Lee

John Hancock
[
Chairman David Ramsay]

Nathaniel Gorham

Arthur St. Clair

Cyrus Griffin

  

Constitution of 1787
U.S. Presidents

George Washington 

John Adams
Federalist Party


Thomas Jefferson
Republican* Party

James Madison 
Republican* Party

James Monroe
Republican* Party

John Quincy Adams
Republican* Party
Whig Party

Andrew Jackson
Republican* Party
Democratic Party


Martin Van Buren
Democratic Party

William H. Harrison
Whig Party

John Tyler
Whig Party

James K. Polk
Democratic Party

David Atchison**
Democratic Party

Zachary Taylor
Whig Party

Millard Fillmore
Whig Party

Franklin Pierce
Democratic Party

James Buchanan
Democratic Party


Abraham Lincoln 
Republican Party

Jefferson Davis***
Democratic Party

Andrew Johnson
Republican Party

Ulysses S. Grant 
Republican Party

Rutherford B. Hayes
Republican Party

James A. Garfield
Republican Party

Chester Arthur 
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland
Democratic Party

Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party

Grover Cleveland 
Democratic Party

William McKinley
Republican Party

Theodore Roosevelt
Republican Party

William H. Taft 
Republican Party

Woodrow Wilson
Democratic Party

Warren G. Harding 
Republican Party

Calvin Coolidge
Republican Party

Herbert C. Hoover
Republican Party

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democratic Party

Harry S. Truman
Democratic Party

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican Party

John F. Kennedy
Democratic Party

Lyndon B. Johnson 
Democratic Party 

Richard M. Nixon 
Republican Party

Gerald R. Ford 
Republican Party

James Earl Carter, Jr. 
Democratic Party

Ronald Wilson Reagan 
Republican Party

George H. W. Bush
Republican Party 

William Jefferson Clinton
Democratic Party

George W. Bush 
Republican Party

Barack H. Obama
Democratic Party

Please Visit

Forgotten Founders
Norwich, CT

Annapolis Continental
Congress Society


U.S. Presidency
& Hospitality

© Stan Klos

 

 

 

 


Virtual Museum of Art | Virtual Museum of History | Virtual Public Library | Virtual Science Center | Virtual Museum of Natural History | Virtual War Museum