Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ROUND, William Marshall vitts, author, born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, 26 March, 1845. He received an academic education and entered Harvard medical school, but was not graduated, owing to ill health. In 1872 he was appointed United States commissioner to the World's fair that was held at Vienna in 1873, where he had charge of the New England department, and on his return he devoted himself to journalism and literature. He gave attention to the subject of prison reform, and in 1883 became corresponding secretary of the Prison association of New York. In 1885, with Franklin B. Sanborn, Francis Wayland, and others, he reorganized the National prison association of the United States, and was elected its secretary, and in 1886 he was sent as a delegate from the United States to the International penitentiary congress in Rome, Italy. Mr. Round laid out in 1887-'8 the general scheme for the Burnham industrial farm, an institution for unruly boys, based upon the principles that have dominated the similar institution at Mettray in France and the Rauhehaus near Hamburg in Germany. His books include "'Achsah, a New England Life-Study" (Boston, 1876); "Child Marion Abroad" (1876); "Torn and Mended" (1877) ; "Hal : the Story of a Clodhopper" (1878) ; and "Rosecroft" (1880).
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