Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MILLER, William, English soldier, born in Wing-ham, Kent, 2 December, 1795; died at sea in October, 1861. He entered the British army, and served in Spain and North America till 1817, when he went to South America and joined the Peruvians in their struggle for independence. He became an intimate friend of Simon Bolivar, and rose to the rank of a general of division of Peru. He was chief of cavalry under Bolivar at the battle of Junin, 6 August, 1824, and to commemorate his services Bolivar gave to Miller's regiment the name of "Hfisares de Junin." His most gallant exploit was a charge that he made at the head of these hussars at the battle of Ayacucho, 9 December, 1824. He was many times severely wounded, and at the battle of Pisco nearly lost his life, yet shortly afterward he was one of the leaders in Lord Cochrane's daring capture of Valdivia. In an attack on Chiloe a grapeshot passed through one thigh, and his right instep was crushed by a cannon-ball. In 1825 he was governor of Potosi, but in 1826 he returned to England, and in 1843 became British consul-general to the Pacific islands. He was given 450,000 acres in the Argentine Republic for his services in South America, and his deeds have been celebrated by South American poets. His "Memoirs in the Service of Peru, 1817-'26" were published by his brother (2 vols., London, 1828). See also Cyrus Redding's "Personal Reminiscences" (1867).
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