Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CRANE, William Montgomery, naval officer, born in Elizabethtowu, New Jersey, 1 February 1776; died in Washington, 18 March 1846. He was a son of General William Crane, an officer in the Revolutionary army, who was wounded at Quebec, and died in 1814. William Montgomery entered the navy as a midshipman in 1799, became lieutenant in 1803, commander in 1813, and captain, 22 November 1814. While in command of the brig " Vixen " he distinguished himself in the attack on Tripoli. He was in the "Chesapeake" when the "Leopard" attacked her. In July 1812, while in command of the brig "Nautilus," he was captured by the frigate "Southampton," and, on being exchanged, was ordered to the lakes, where, in command of the "Madison" and "Pike," in Chauncey's squadron, he served until the end of the war. In 1827, in the flagship "Delaware," he commanded the Mediterranean squadron, acting as joint commissioner with Mr. Offley, U. S. consul at Smyrna, to open negotiations with the Ottoman government. He was appointed navy commissioner in 1841, and in 1842 chief of the bureau of ordnance and hydrography. He died by his own hand.
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