Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHAMBLISS, William Parham, soldier, born in Chamblissburg, Bedford County, Virginia, 20 March, 1827. After attending a private school in Giles County, Tennessee, he served through the Mexican war as second lieutenant in the 1st Tennessee volunteers from June, 1846, till July, 1847, and afterward as captain of the 3d Tennessee volunteers. From 1850 till 1855 he practiced law in Pulaski, Tennessee, and from 1852 till 1855 edited there the "Citizen," a democratic weekly newspaper. He was also a member of the legislature from 1.853 till 1854. He entered the regular army as first lieutenant in the 2d cavalry, 3 March, 1855, and was engaged in Texas against hostile Indians most of the time till March, 1861. He was made captain in the 5th cavalry, 6 April, 1861, and served through the Manassas and peninsular campaigns, receiving the brevet of major, 4 May, 1862, for gallantry at Hanover Court-House, Virginia At the battle of Gaines's Mills, 27 June, 1862, he was wounded in several places, lay four days and four nights on the field of battle, and was then taken to Libby prison, Richmond. For his conduct at Gaines's Mills he was brevetted lieutenant colonel on 28 June, 1862. The wounds that he received on this occasion nearly caused his death, and have partially disabled him for the rest of his life. After his release from Libby prison he underwent treatment in St. Luke's hospital, New York, and then served as instructor of cavalry at the United States military academy from October, 1862, till June, 1864. He was made major in the 4th cavalry, 30 March, 1864, served as special inspector of cavalry, division of the Mississippi, from August, 1864, till April, 1865, and with his regiment in Texas till 1 November, 1867, when he resigned and became president and general manager of the Co-bourg railway and mining company, Cobourg, Canada. He has published a pamphlet on "Gem McClellan and the Presidency" (1864).
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