Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CARLIN, William Passmore, soldier, born in Rich Woods, Greene County, Illinois, 24 November, 1829. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 18,50, and, after serving on garrison duty, became first lieutenant in the 6th infantry, 3 March, 1855, and took part in General Harney's Sioux expedition of that year. Ha commanded a company in Col. Sumner's expedition of 1857 against the Cheyennes, and took part in the Utah expedition of 1858. He was in California from 1858 till 1860, and, having been promoted to captain, 2 March, 1861, served on recruiting duty. On 15 August, 1861, he became colonel of the 38th Illinois volunteers, and defeated General Jeff. Thompson at Fredericktown, Maine, 21 October, 1861. He commanded the district of southeastern Missouri from November, 1861, till March, 1862, led a brigade under General Steele in the Arkansas expedition, and joined Pope's army in season to aid in the pursuit of Beauregard from Corinth. He distinguished himself at Perryville, Kentucky, 8 October, 1862, and was made brigadier-general of volunteers 29 November He defeated Wharton's confederate cavalry in the skirmish at Knob Gap, near Nolans-villa, 26 December, 1862, and his brigade bore a prominent part in the battle of Stone River, 31 December, 1862, as is shown by its heavy losses in that conflict. He was in the Tullahoma campaign, the battles of Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge, and brevetted lieutenant colonel, 24 November, 1863, for his services in the battle of Chattanooga. After a month's leave of absence he became major of the 16th United States infantry, 8 February, 1864, and took part in the invasion of Georgia, being in the actions at Buzzard's Roost and Resaca, the pursuit of the enemy with almost daily fighting during May and June, 1804, and the siege and capture of Atlanta. He commanded a division in the assault on the intrenchments at Jonesboro', 1 September, 1864, and was brevetted colonel in the regular army for his services on that day. He participated in the march to the sea and through the Carolinas, and on 13 March, 1865. was brevetted brigadier-general for services at Bentonville, North Carolina, and major general for services during the war. From 1867 till 1868 he was assistant commissioner of the freedmen's bureau in Tennessee. He was made lieutenant colonel of the 17th infantry, 1 January, 1872, commanded at various posts, and became colonel of the 4th infantry, 11 April, 1882. See Wilson's " Sketches of Illinois Officers" (Chicago, 1863).
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