Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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PATTEN, William, clergyman, born in Halifax, Massachusetts, in 1768" died in Hartford, Connecticut, 9 March, 1839. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1780, studied divinity, and was pastor of the 2d Congregational church at Newport, Rhode Island, from 1786 till 1833. He received the degree of D. D. from Brown in 1807, and was one of its overseers from 1790 till his death. Dr. Patten published several separate sermons" "Christianity the True Religion," a reply to Thomas Paine (1795); "Memoir of Mrs. Ruth Patten," his mother, and the daughter of Reverend Eleazar Wheelock (1884)" and "Reminiscences of Reverend Samuel Hopkins" (1843).--His son, William Samuel, lawyer, born in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1800" died in Providence, Rhode Island, 27 December, 1873, was graduated at Brown in 1818, studied law, and, after practising in Newport, removed to Providence, where from 1831 till his death he was cashier in the Manufacturers' bank. He was twice president of the city common council, thrice in the legislature, and its speaker in 1847-'8, and was one of the founders of the Providence athenaeum, of which he was president for fourteen years. He became a trustee of Brown in 1856, and after 1867 was its chancellor.-Another son, George Washington, soldier, born in Newport, Rhode Island, 25 December, 1808" died in Houlton, Maine, 28 April, 1882, was graduated at Brown in 1825, and at the United States military academy in 1830. He served on frontier and garrison duty till the Mexican war, was engaged against the Seminole Indians in Florida at various times in 1837-'42, and reached the rank of captain, 18 June, 1846. At the battle of Cerro Gordo, during the war with Mexico, he lost his left hand while storming the heights, and was brevetted major for gallant conduct. At the end of the war impaired health forced him to decline a captaincy in the quartermaster's department, and he obtained an absence on sick-leave. After his return to duty in 1850 he served on the frontier till he was made major on 30 April, 1861, and though his disability prevented him from seeing service in the field during the civil war, he rendered valuable assistance as a member of various military commissions. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel, 7 June, 1862, and on 17 February, 1864, retired "for disability resulting from long and faithful service, and from wound and exposure in the line of duty." Colonel Patten achieved some reputation as a writer, and has been called the "poet laureate of the army." His lyrics include " The Seminole's Reply," "Joys that We've Tasted," and "Episode of the Mexican War," which he delivered on 14 September, 1878, the thirty-first anniversary of the capture of the city of Mexico. He published in book-form " Army Manual" (3d ed., New York, 1863)" "Infantry Tactics, Bayonet Drill, and Small, Sword Exercise " (1861)"Artillery Drill" (1861)" "Cavalry Drill and Sabre Exercise" (1863)" and "Voices of the Border," a collection of his fugitive poems (1867). He also edited General Philip St. George Cooke's "Cavalry Tactics" (1863).
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