Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KING, William Sterling, soldier, born in New York city, 6 October, 1818; died in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 29 June, 1882. His father, Elisha W. King, a lawyer of New York city, was for several years a member of the state assembly. William was educated at Yale and in Union college, where he was graduated in 1837. He then studied law, and practised his profession in New York city from 1839 till 1843. About that time he removed to North Providence, Rhode Island, and in 1852 settled at Roxbury, Massachusetts, where he remained until the close of his life. In 1855 he was elected a member of the Massachusetts legislature. At the beginning of the civil war he was commissioned captain in the 35th Massachusetts regiment, and commanded it at South Mountain and Antietam, where he received wounds, from the effects of which he never entirely recovered. He was soon promoted to be major and then colonel, and in 1862-'3 became chief of staff of the 2d division, 9th army corps, provost-marshal of Kentucky, and military commander of the district of Lexington, Kentucky In 1864 he received a commission as colonel of the 4th Massachusetts artillery, and in 1865 was made brigadier-general of volunteers by brevet. After he was mustered out of service Governor Andrew appointed him chief of Massachusetts state police, and later he filled successively the offices of assessor of United States internal revenue, and registrar of probate and insolvency. In 1875-'6 he was again a member of the Massachusetts legislature and chairman of the military committee.
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