Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LUMPKIN, Wilson, statesman, born in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, 14 January, 1783; died in Athens, Georgia, 28 December, 1870. He removed to Oglethorpe county, Georgia, with his father, in 1784, and, the latter having been appointed in 1797 clerk of the superior court there, the son became an assistant in his office, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practised at Athens, Georgia When about twenty-one years of age he was elected to the legislature, and was subsequently re-elected several times. In 1823 he was appointed by President Monroe to mark out the boundary-line between Georgia and Florida, and he was afterward one of the first commissioners under the Cherokee treaty of 1835. He served in congress from 1815 till 1817, and from 1827 till 1831: and in the United States senate, to which he was elected in place of John P. King, resigned, from 13 December, 1837, till 3 March, 1841. He was elected governor of Georgia in 1831 and 1833, and was one of the original members of the board of public works that was created by the legislature.--His brother, Joseph Henry, jurist, born in Oglethorpe county, Georgia, 23 December. 1799; died in Athens, Georgia, 4 June, 1867, was educated at the University of Georgia, and at Princeton, where he was graduated in 1819. In 1820 he was admitted to the bar, and began practice at Lexington, where he soon gained eminence in his profession. In 1844 he retired from the bar in consequence of ill health, and shortly afterward visited Europe. In 1845, during his absence, the supreme court of Georgia was reorganized, and he was elected justice, and afterward became chief justice, which office he held until his death. Judge Lumpkin was elected professor of rhetoric and oratory in the University of Georgia in 1846, but declined; and subsequently was elected professor of law in the institution attached to the university, which was named Lumpkin law-school in his honor, He discharged the duties of his professorship successfully until the civil war disbanded the institution, and, afterward resuming his chair, retained it till his death. In 1855 President Pierce tendered him a seat on the bench of the court of claims, which he declined, as he did also the chancellorship of the University of Georgia, to which he was elected in 1860. He was an advocate of the cause of temperance, and for many years a trustee of the State university. He held a high place as a judge and as an advocate at the bar in criminal cases, and his appeals to the sympathy of jurors have been rarely equalled. He was one of the compilers of the penal code of Georgia in 1833.--Wilson's son, John Henry, jurist, born in Oglethorpe county, Georgia, 13 June, 1812; died in Rome, Georgia, 6 June, 1860, was educated at Franklin and Yale colleges, studied law, was admitted to the bar in March, 1834, and began practice at Rome, Georgia He was a member of the state house of representatives in 1835, and was solicitor-general of the Cherokee circuit in 1838. He was elected to congress, serving by successive elections from 4 December, 1843, till 3 March, 1849, and from 3 December, 1855, till 3 March, 1857, and was for several years a judge of the state supreme court.
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