Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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POST, Wright, surgeon, born in North Hemp-stead, New York, 19 February, 1766; died in Throg's Neck, New York, 14 June, 1828. He studied medicine under Dr. Richard Bayley, and then for two years under Dr. John Sheldon in London. On his return in 1786 he began to practise in New York, and in 1787 delivered lectures on anatomy at the New York hospital. These efforts were interrupted by the "doctor's mob," which broke into the building and destroyed the valuable anatomical specimens that had been collected. In 1792 he was appointed professor of surgery in the medical department of Columbia college, and he then visited the great schools of Europe, collecting a splendid anatomical cabinet, and returning to New York in 1793, after which he held the chair of anatomy until 1813. Dr. Post took rank as one of the ablest of operative surgeons, and his skill gained for him celebrity both at home and abroad. He was the first in the United States to perform an operation for a case of false aneurism of the femoral artery. Subsequently "he operated in two eases for carotid aneurism, and in all three cases was successful. One of his greatest feats was the successful operation of tying the subclavian artery above the clavicle on the scapular side of the scalene muscles for brachial aneurism situated so high in the axilla as to make it inexpedient to tie this artery. The accomplishment of this operation was especially noteworthy from the fact that Dr. John Abernethy, Sir Astley Cooper, and other English surgeons had been unsuccessful in its performance. In 1813, on the union of the medical faculty of Columbia and that of the College of physicians and surgeons, Dr. Post was appointed professor of anatomy and physiology in the new faculty, of which he was president in 1821-'6. In 1814 he received the honorary degree of M. D. from the regents of the University of the state of New York, and in 1816 he was chosen a trustee of Columbia college. Dr. Post was a member of various medical societies both at home and abroad. For more than thirty-five years he was one of the surgeons and consulting surgeons of the New York hospital. His publications include papers in medical journals and lectures.--His nephew, Alfred Charles, surgeon, born in New York city, 13 January, 1806; died there, 7 February, 1886, was the son of Joel Post, a merchant of New York, whose place of business was on Hanover square, and who owned as his country-seat the property known as Claremont, which is now included in Riverside park and embraces the site of General Grant's tomb. Young Post was graduated at columbia in 1822, and after studying medicine under his uncle, Wright Post. received his degree at the College of physicians and surgeons in 1827. After passing two years at the medical schools of Europe, he established himself in 1829 in New York city, and devoted his attention chiefly to surgery. During 1831-'5 he was demonstrator of anatomy a, t the College of physicians and surgeons, and in the latter year he moved to Brooklyn, but two years later he returned to New York, where he remained until his death. He was chosen professor of ophthalmic surgery at Castleton medical college, Vermont, in 1843, and a year later was appointed to the chair of surgery. From 185l till 1875 he was professor of surgery in the medical department of the University of the city of New York, serving also as president of the medical faculty from 1873 until his death. Dr. Post held consulting relations to various institutions, notably to the New York hospital from 1836, to St. Luke's hospital from its beginning, and to the .Presbyterian hospital. His great fame was achieved in surgery, and his operations were marked with precision and dexterity. He was the first in the United States to operate for stammering, and in 1840 devised a new method of performing bilateral lithotomy. He also showed mechanical ingenuity in devising instruments and appliances, and in the latter part of his life labored much in plastic surgery, making important reports of operations in that line. He was a member of medical societies both at home and abroad, and was president of the New York academy of medicine in 1867-'8. In 1872 he received the degree of LL.D. from the University of the city of New York. Dr. Post was also active in various religious and charitable organizations, and at the time of his death was president of the New York medical mission, and one of the directors of Union theological seminary. His literary contributions consisted entirely of technical papers in professional journals, with the single exception of his "Strabismus and Stammering" (New York, 1840).
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