Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LEWIS, Zachariah, scholar, born in Wilton, Connecticut, 1 January, 1773; died in Brooklyn, New York, 14 November, 1840. His father, Isaac, was a Congregational clergyman. Zachariah was graduated at Yale in 1794, was tutor there in 1796-'9, studied theology in Philadelphia under Reverend Ashbel Green, and at the same time was tutor in General Washington's family. He was licensed to preach, but delicate health prevented his accepting a charge, and in 1803 he became editor of the New York "Commercial Advertiser" and of the New York "Spectator," continuing" in this employment till 1820, when he began the publication of the "American Missionary Register." In 1814-'20 he was corresponding secretary of the New York religious tract society, out of which grew some years afterward the American tract society. At the latter date he took charge of the domestic correspondence of the United foreign missionary society, continuing in this office till 1825. About this date he retired from active pursuits and devoted his time and means to charitable objects. He published an oration before the Connecticut Society of the Cincinnati in 1799; "Remarks on a Subterranean Wall in North Carolina" (Philadelphia, 1800); and the "Annual Reports of the New York Religious Tract Society from 1815 till 1820" (New York, 1815-'20).--His twin brother, Isaac, died in New York city, 23 September, 1854, became an eminent clergyman of the Presbyterian church, and was the author of numerous popular tracts, sermons, and addresses. Delaware college gave him the degree of D. D. in 1844.
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