Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MAMBRE, or MEMBRE, Zenobius, French missionary, born in Bapaume, Artois, France, in 1645 ; died in Texas about 1687. He became a member of the order of Recollet Franciscans, and sailed for Canada in 1675. He accompanied La Salle to the west in 1678, and was adopted by an Illinois chief and well treated by the Indians, but had little success in converting them. The Illinois Indians haying been defeated by the Iroquois, Mambre was obliged to fly, and, after much suffering, reached the Jesuit settlement in Green Bay. He passed through the stone country in 1681-'2, and went down the Mississippi with La Salle, but he makes no mention of troy intercourse with the natives until he reached the mouth of the river, where he preached to the Quappa Indians. His missionary labors were not successful. His "Journal" describing his voyage in a canoe to the Gulf of Mexico forms a part of the " Etablissement de la foi" by Chretien Le Clercq, who was his cousin. On his return to France he was made warden of Bapaume. When La Salle sailed from France for Louisiana in July, 1684, Mambre accompanied him, having special powers from the propaganda to establish a mission of his order. He was left by La Salle at a fort in Texas near Galveston bay with Father Le Clercq and twenty others. Here he established a mission among the Cenis or Assinais. It is not certainly known how long the party at the fort remained unmolested, but finally they were nearly all killed by the Quoaquis Indians.
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