Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GRAVES, Zwinglius Calvin, educator, born in Chester, Vermont, in 1816. After attending various academies he went to Ohio, and at the age of twenty-one opened a school in Ashtabula. He was soon elected principal of Kingsville academy, in the same state, where he remained until 1850. In this year he was called to take charge of the Mary Sharpe female College, Winchester, Tennessee, which was founded with the aim of making its curriculum substantially that of Brown University.--His wife, Adelia Cleopatra, author, born in Kingsville, Ashtabula County, Ohio, 17 March, 1821, is the daughter of Dr. D. M. Spencer, whose brother, P. R. Spencer, was the originator of the Spencerian system of penmanship. She was educated at the Jefferson and Kingsville academies, and after her graduation in 1841 became teacher of Latin and English composition in the latter institution, where she remained until 1847. In 1841 she married Mr. Graves, and after his removal to Mary Sharpe College served there as matron and professor of rhetoric until 1881, and since that date has been secretary and treasurer. For many years she has been an invalid. In 1856-'9 she edited the "Southern Child's Book." In 1869 she wrote children's stories for the Baptist Sunday-school union under the pen name of "Aunt Alice." These include a " Life of Columbus," two volumes of "Poems for Children," and she also wrote "The New Testament Catechism of Questions and Answers in Rhyme " under her own signature. Her other publications are "Jephthah's Daughter," an illustrated drama for the use of schools (Memphis, 1867); "Seclusaval, or the Arts of Romanism" (Memphis, 1869) ; and " Woman in Sacred Song " (Boston, 1885).--Zwinglius Calvin's brother, ,lames Robinson, clergyman, born in Chester, Vermont, 10 April, 1820, became a teacher at the age of nineteen, first in Vermont and subsequently in Kentucky, whither he removed on account of impaired health. While teaching he pursued the studies of a College course without any assistance. In Kentucky he was ordained to the Baptist ministry. In 1845 he opened an academy in Nashville, Tennessee, and in the same year became pastor of the 2d Baptist Church in that City. In the following year he was made editor of the "Tennessee Baptist." In 1848 he originated the "Southwestern Publishing House," Nashville, Tennessee He has been widely known as a vigorous controversialist, particularly in support of the Baptist high Church views that have received the name of "Old Landmarkism." His published works are " The Great Iron Wheel" (Nashville, Tennessee, 1854); "The Little Iron Wheel" (1856) ; "The Intermediate State" (Memphis, 1869) ; "Old Landmarkism (1878) ; "The Intercommunion of Churches" (1879) ; "The Redemptive Work of Christ" (1883); "The New Great Iron Wheel" (1884) ; "Denominational Sermons " (1885) ; and " The Parables and Prophecies of Christ " (1887).
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